Sickle Cell Disease – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

What Should Sickle Cell Patients Avoid?

If you are interested in learning more about SCD, you’ve come to the right place. Read on to discover what it is, its causes, symptoms, and treatments. In addition, we’ll talk about the importance of prevention and early detection. SCD is a life-threatening blood disorder. Symptoms can occur suddenly and anywhere, and can last for days, weeks, or even months. Depending on where you are affected, your symptoms can last for days, weeks, or even years. Yellow eyes, painful joints, and severe infections are all possible with SCD.


People with sickle cell disease have a shortage of RBCs, which are the body’s blood cells. The sickle cells are broken apart too easily, a process known as chronic hemolysis. While RBCs normally last for 120 days, sickle cells only last for about 10 to 20 days. Because of their abnormal shape, they can block blood vessels, resulting in leg ulcers, swelling, and other symptoms. Swollen hands and feet are often the first symptoms of sickle cell disease in infants.

When red blood cells are healthy, they are disc-shaped, smooth, and flexible. But when sickled, they form irregular crescents and can clog small blood vessels and narrow or close completely. This can block the flow of blood to several organs, causing pain and infections. Symptoms of sickle cell disease include:


Chronic or acute pain are common symptoms of sickle cell crisis. Acute pain can be mild to severe and can last anywhere from a few hours to a couple of days. Chronic pain can be a debilitating condition, limiting daily activities, work, and education. Fortunately, there are several treatment options available. Here are some of the most common causes and symptoms of sickle cell disease. Let’s take a look at each one.

Acute chest syndrome can develop during a period of sickle cell anaemia. This condition may require oxygen treatment or blood transfusions. During a painful episode, healthcare providers may prescribe NSAIDs, prescription painkillers, or opioids to help control the pain. Children with sickle cell anaemia should reach normal height by the time they reach early adulthood. Some sufferers also experience bacteriuria in their urine.


Comprehensive care for sickle cell disease (SCD) should involve a multidisciplinary team, and the medical home plays an important role in coordination of care. Primary care physicians can work closely with specialists and specialized programs to ensure timely preventative assessments and ongoing engagement. Read on to learn about the role of the medical home in sickle cell disease prevention. A medical home is a collaborative team that helps coordinate care and educates families about available treatment options.

Among the complications of SCD is stroke. It can affect children and adults, requiring intensive risk assessment and closely monitored interventions to prevent stroke. Patients should have HbS levels between nine and 10 g/dL during chronic red cell transfusions. However, a study in 2016 revealed that only 20% of chronic transfusion patients would have a new stroke within a year. This is a major challenge for the medical community, which has yet to develop a more effective treatment strategy.

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