Sickle cell is a type of red blood cells that looks like a sickle. People suffering from severe anaemia often have this condition. Read on to learn about symptoms, treatment options and home remedies for sickle cell anaemia. There are several ways to treat this disease, including medication and a diet rich in iron and vitamin B12.
Getting a diagnosis of sickle cell kya hota hai
Sickle cell disease (SCD) affects the cells that carry oxygen, the haemoglobin. This inherited disorder causes sickle cells to be less flexible and break while passing through small blood vessels. The sickle cells only live for 10 to 20 days, while a normal RBC can survive for 90 to 120 days. When sickled cells don’t grow properly, the person is at risk for a painful crisis. If they don’t receive the treatment they need, they can become anaemic.
SCD is a genetic disorder that affects people with hemoglobin-beta gene defects. The gene causes an abnormal hemoglobin protein to form. Two parents must have this defective gene. Children with this trait have a 1 in 4 chance of inheriting the disease. Carriers have no symptoms, but they may pass the trait onto their children if they marry a person who also carries the trait.
The first step in getting a diagnosis of sickle cell disease is to get a blood test. A blood test will tell whether someone has the disease or if they simply have an abnormal hemoglobin gene. If you have a positive test, you have SCD. If you’re carrying a child, your doctor will perform a blood test that looks for abnormal hemoglobin S.
Symptoms of the disease can vary, and your doctor will be able to tell you whether your baby has sickle cells or not. In many cases, the disease can be detected during pregnancy or shortly after giving birth. However, blood tests can also be done at any time to identify a carrier. In England, pregnant women are routinely screened for sickle cell disease.
People with SCD are genetically predisposed to the disease. They have a 50% chance of inheriting the disease from one parent. Symptoms can start appearing at as early as five months of age, making early detection of SCD essential. Currently, in the United States, only about one in thirteen black or African American babies is born with the trait. In Latin American babies, however, the disease occurs in approximately one in every 16,300 babies.
People with SCD may also experience fatigue or a lack of energy. Sickle cells can also affect their immune system, resulting in severe fatigue and a higher chance of infection. Even if you don’t feel ill, there’s no need to panic. Getting a diagnosis of SCD will help you take steps to improve your condition. Just be sure to seek medical care for any symptoms you are experiencing.
The pain associated with SCD may be mild or severe, and it can last for a few hours or even days. In severe cases, you may need to be hospitalized for observation. A patient with SCD will develop jaundice as the red blood cells break down faster than normal cells. Some patients with SCD also experience pulmonary hypertension, which can cause fatigue, shortness of breath, and even death.
Sickle cell disease is a hereditary disorder of the red blood cells, or RBCs. These blood cells are less flexible and often break while they move through small blood vessels. Compared to normal RBCs, which typically last for ninety-two days, sickle cells live only ten to twenty days. Because they are so short-lived, they can cause anaemia and reduce a person’s energy level.
Pain is a common symptom of Sickle Cell disease. Pain may be felt in the arms, legs, joints, back, or chest. It can occur suddenly or gradually and can last hours or days. Some people also experience fever and jaundice. If these symptoms happen, seek medical attention immediately. Some people also take over-the-counter drugs that can have adverse side effects. If you exercise regularly, you can also take folic acid to stimulate bone marrow production.
Several people are born with the disease and can pass it to their children. Affected children have a one in four chance of inheriting the disease from their parents. Children with this disease may also become carriers, which means they have the trait but do not develop symptoms. Carriers may pass on the disease to their children if their partner also has it. If the disease is hereditary, it can be fatal for both children.
A blood test is necessary to determine whether you have the disease. You may experience dizziness, lightheadedness, and difficulty breathing. However, if you’re worried about the pain, you can bring a snack with you to the test. A puncture wound is also a possibility for infection. During the test, a lab technician will look for abnormal hemoglobin S, a protein that transports oxygen to tissues and organs in the body.
In some cases, people with SCD may not even know they have the disease. In addition to the symptoms described above, a person with sickle cell disease may develop arthritis or rheumatoid arthritis, which is also known as “Slapped Cheek Syndrome” (SCD). Despite its rare occurrence in adults, the disease can cause a weakened immune system, leading to organ transplant and cancer.
The average life span of a person with this disease is 42 to 47 years. Sickle cell disease is curable, but you must seek a physician’s diagnosis. There are several types of medication and bone marrow transplants, and even gene therapy. Another common condition is pulmonary hypertension, which affects adults more than children. It causes shortness of breath and fatigue, and can be deadly.